TEL AVIV, Israel –

The Palestinian prime minister accused Israel’s new ultra-nationalist government of blocking “even the most non-violent ways of fighting the occupation,” according to an interview published Monday, after Israel retaliated for the Palestinians’ successful effort to enlist UN help.

Prime Minister Mohammad Shtayyeh’s comments to Haaretz came amid a flurry of punitive steps by Israel since taking office late last month, most recently banning the Palestinian flag from public spaces. Israel has stripped Palestinian officials of VIP privileges and broken up a meeting of Palestinian parents discussing their children’s education.

Late on Sunday, Israel’s security minister ordered the police to ban the Palestinian flag, a symbolically frowned upon move after what one Israeli rights group reported was the deadliest year of the conflict in decades.

“Today I directed the Israel Police to enforce the prohibition of flying any PLO flag that shows identification with a terrorist organization from the public sphere and to stop any incitement against the State of Israel,” Itamar Ben-Gvir announced on Twitter.

It was the new government’s latest retaliation after a Palestinian push for the UN’s highest judicial body to give its opinion on Israel’s 55-year military occupation of the West Bank.

Ben-Gvir, a far-right firebrand known for his anti-Arab rhetoric, drew widespread international condemnation when he visited Jerusalem’s most sensitive holy site last week.

Shtayyeh told Haaretz that the Israeli sanctions were designed to collapse the Palestinian Authority and would have dire consequences.

“We have the right to complain and tell the world we are in pain,” he said in comments published Monday. “Israel wants to prevent even the most non-violent way of fighting the occupation.”

Ahmad Aldeek, assistant to the Palestinian foreign minister, said “The Israeli government is waging an open war on the symbols and components of the State of Palestine.”

“This increases our insistence on pursuing the Israeli government and putting it on trial in all international forums,” Aldeek said Monday.

Under Israeli law, flying the Palestinian flag is not a crime. An attorney general in 2014 ruled that an ordinance decades earlier granted police the authority to confiscate a flag if it results in disruption of public order or breach of peace, or is done in support of terrorism. Ben-Gvir’s order, one group said, falsely implies that any public display of the Palestinian flag is itself such a disruption.

“This gives the police unfettered discretion to ban the waving of the Palestinian flag under all circumstances,” according to a statement from Adalah, an Arab minority legal rights group.

Ben-Gvir’s latest order is not the first battle over flying the Palestinian flag.

The red, green and white Palestinian flag carries great symbolism in the Israel-Palestinian conflict. Last May, Israeli riot police beat pallbearers at the funeral for slain Al Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Akleh, causing them to nearly drop the casket. Police ripped Palestinian flags out of people’s hands and fired stun grenades to disperse the crowd.

Israel once considered the Palestinian flag that of a militant group akin to the Palestinian Hamas or the Lebanese Shiite Hezbollah. But after Israel and the Palestinians signed a series of interim peace agreements known as the Oslo Accords, the flag was recognized as that of the Palestinian Authority, which was created to administer Gaza and parts of the occupied West Bank. Israel opposes any official business being carried out by the PA in east Jerusalem, and police have in the past broken up events they alleged were linked to the PA.

Netanyahu told his cabinet on Sunday the measures against the Palestinians were aimed at what he called “an extreme anti-Israel” step at the UN.

Israel’s Palestinian citizens make up 20% of the population and they’ve had a turbulent relationship with the state since its creation in 1948. That was the year that hundreds of thousands of Palestinians fled or were forced to flee in the events surrounding the establishment of the state of israel.

Those who remained became citizens, but have long been viewed with suspicion by some Israelis because of their ties to Palestinians in the West Bank, Gaza Strip and east Jerusalem, territories Israel captured in the 1967 Mideast war.

The Palestinians seek all three areas for a future independent state. Netanyahu’s new government is dominated by hard-liners who oppose Palestinian statehood.

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