UP Anti-Conversion Law: Data Shows Rise in Cases, Christians Allege Harassment

Examining the 170 of the FIRs registered, round 700 people have been accused beneath the anti-conversion legislation in Uttar Pradesh. The highest variety of accused – roughly 200 – had been charged in Fatehpur district. Jaunpur district noticed the second highest quantity, with 90 people going through allegations. In some instances, a single particular person was charged a number of occasions throughout completely different FIRs.

On January 1, 2023, an FIR was filed at Kethwali police station in Fatehpur district charging 47 individuals beneath Sections 3 and 5(1) of Uttar Pradesh’s anti-conversion legislation. Additional costs beneath the 1860 Act – Sections 420 (dishonest), 467 (forgery), 468 (forgery of paperwork), 506 (prison intimidation), and 120B (prison conspiracy) had been additionally utilized. Similarly, two different FIRs filed in the identical station on January twenty third and twenty fourth of the identical yr charged 47 people beneath the identical sections, with some names repeated throughout all three FIRs. Around 20 individuals had been unidentified in every of the stated FIRs.

The complaints accused the Christian devotees of allegedly saying their “group will present items, money, jobs, and schooling to youngsters to develop into devotees of Jesus and convert to Christianity.” It additionally included allegations of overseas funds being acquired. The three FIRs had been filed towards individuals related to the Broadwell Christian Hospital in Fatehpur by third events somewhat than direct victims.

The Quint had earlier investigated how most of the instances of anti-conversion are literally illegal, since they’re based mostly on third get together complaints.

Earlier, an October 2023 Article 14 The report analyzing 101 FIRs in Uttar Pradesh discovered the bulk wrongly accused of compelled conversions with out authorized foundation.

According to one of many accused in Fatehpur, Pastor Jose Prakash, “Almost 68 households from completely different components of India like Jharkhand, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Uttarakhand, who labored as hospital workers or nurses had been affected.” Many like him had lived in UP for years. “I got here from Kerala 25 years in the past. My Aadhaar has this UP deal with. I got here right here on a mission to serve the poor, and our hospital usually gave concessions in costs to locals, however bought harassment in return.”

The 109-year-old hospital web site states it served the poor and needy. But staff stated it now suffers from workers scarcity as docs had been arrested and others stopped coming as a consequence of worry. Around 29 individuals had been jailed for 2-8 months in these instances.

An Allahabad High Court lawyer, who did not wish to be named, stated such mass conversion costs began in April 2022 when police and VHP leaders gathered at a Fatehpur church, locked the gates, and charged many with conversion.

“After this, in early 2023 we noticed a rise in instances with out correct proof, just like the Broadwell incident with over 60 households accused,” she stated. “I’m overseeing a number of FIRs myself – individuals weren’t simply charged beneath the anti-conversion legislation but in addition assaulted by police and Hindutva teams.”

“Since 2018 I’ve labored with Christian communities in UP and filed PILs for prayer permissions in locations like Gazipur, Johnpur, and Fatehpur. It’s after 2022 that the quantity of such conversion instances elevated considerably as a result of anti-conversion legislation being in place “, she added.

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