Reducing Costs In The Global Supply Chain: The Drawback Program For Exporters/Importers

Companies engaged in international commerce can apply for entry to the disadvantage program administered by US Customs and Border Protection (cbp, This program gives a refund on duties and taxes that have been beforehand imported and have now been exported.

Usage of the disadvantage program is a device firms can use to scale back working prices. The program could also be used for items which can be unused, rejected or manufactured.

The disadvantage program has a number of key elements that present leverage to eligible firms.


The course of to submit a disadvantage declare and gather an obligation refund is an evidence-based enterprise. Companies will need to have the required import, export and stock documentation to help the disadvantage declare.

The disadvantage is the applicant prepares an in depth pattern to CBP together with lot numbers or product inventory holding models (SKUs) to tie the product to the import and export transaction. This presentation is submitted to CBP electronically utilizing authorized software program.

Documentation particularly supporting the disadvantage declare will embody payments of lading, industrial invoices, packing lists and 7501 entry varieties for the inbound portion.

Documentation supporting the outbound piece will embody the industrial bill and invoice of lading. Exports to Canada and Mexico may also require knowledge parts from the Canadian B3 and the Mexican pedimento (CBP 7501 equivalents).


Drawback claims could also be filed for as much as 5 years from the import date. When this happens, it may be a windfall for a corporation leading to a sizeable test when the retroactive disadvantage claims are paid.

It is vital to understand that it takes some digging (excavating) by means of paperwork, receipts and recordkeeping methods to acquire historic knowledge.

In the occasion an organization determines it doesn’t have full documentation to help the declare, they may discover themselves requesting this documentation from their customs brokers, freight forwarders, carriers and third-party suppliers.

Therefore, it’s incumbent upon an organization to make sure they’re sustaining correct and required paperwork as a part of their import/export recordkeeping course of. This may additionally require working internally with the finance and knowledge know-how (IT) division to acquire the required particulars required.


An organization could submit a disadvantage declare for items on which they could not have been the importer of document or the precise exporter. This could be a bit difficult to handle.

For the import facet, the corporate would want to have the ability to gather proof that the home buy value included duties and taxes and a capability to help that declare from the provider. The CBP7501 knowledge parts would even be required to submit the disadvantage declare. The precise importer of document could also be reluctant to supply this stage of element. The help of a 3rd celebration to dealer and tackle this problem could be useful.

Where the disadvantage claimant is just not the exporter, the corporate might want to receive an export waiver from the precise exporter. Additionally, the supporting documentation shall be required to supply the export knowledge parts.

This course of is doable and through the years, we have now helped firms efficiently meet this problem. However, we’d be remiss to not point out it requires a considerable quantity of coordination and collaboration with sellers and consumers (distributors and clients).

Service suppliers with strong know-how platforms will also be useful in offering the required knowledge.


In weighing an organization’s eligibility for disadvantage, you will need to perceive the various kinds of drawbacks. The most typical varieties are:

  • Unused Merchandise
  • Manufactured Merchandise
  • Rejected Merchandise
  • Destruction

There are different varieties of drawbacks which can be specialised and concentrate on particular industries and enterprise fashions.


The challenges confronted in coordinating disadvantage claims could embody administration help, cross organizational help, IT help, knowledge assortment and knowledge integration. These challenges could be resolved by means of an organized and accountable administration course of, utilization {of professional} help and being each diligent and affected person by means of the method.

To handle these challenges efficiently, over the previous 20 years we have now developed a four-step course of:

  1. evaluation
  2. Financial Model
  3. Operational Model
  4. Application

The course of begins with an mental evaluation of your organization’s probability (or not) to profit from a disadvantage program. The monetary mannequin creates the prices and the beneficial properties related to a disadvantage declare to guarantee a accountable and lifelike return on funding.


The disadvantage course of has been considerably simplified by the power to submit a mixed utility. This utility will embody a waiver of the discover of intent to export for previous exports, a waiver of discover of intent for future exports, and a request for accelerated fee of the disadvantage declare by CBP.


Should you resolve you have an interest in a disadvantage, choices for added data and subsequent steps embody accessing the web sites of each CBP and Blue Tiger.

Drawback US Customs and Border Protection (

Management Consulting Blue Tiger International (,

We advocate first assessing the chance and advantages of committing to disadvantage to resolve the necessity to transfer ahead. Once that call has been made, create a monetary mannequin addressing prices and time required to handle a disadvantage program to find out the return on funding and justify the choice to maneuver ahead.

Should the ROI be enough to maneuver forward, it’s essential assess what operational adjustments shall be wanted to gather the required knowledge on imports and exports to create an correct and detailed disadvantage declare.

Consider aligning your organization’s know-how with the required knowledge parts or work with a disadvantage middleman who will act as an interface in your behalf. These firms usually cost a charge of 5% to 25% of monies collected, paid on a contingent foundation. The quantity is decided by the diploma of issue in making the particular disadvantage program perform as required by CBP.

The use of a marketing consultant or disadvantage middleman is a doubtlessly good choice as they may clean out the method and expedite the power to keep away from delays, tackle challenges and, most significantly, assist expedite fee of your disadvantage declare.

Author Bio

Thomas A. Cook is a seasoned international provide chain skilled, creator of greater than 20 books on international commerce and managing director of Blue Tiger International. He could be reached at or (516) 359-6232.

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