Is One Nation One Election (ONOE) the Future? An evaluation – Indian Spectator

One Nation One Election shouldn’t be a brand new thought. In reality, the first-ever common elections for each the Lok Sabha and State Assemblies occurred concurrently in 1951–1952, proper after the enforcement of the Indian Constitution. This follow continued seamlessly for the next three Lok Sabha elections, streamlining the election course of. However, it hit a snag in 1959 when the Central authorities invoked Article 356, resulting in the dismissal of the Kerala authorities. Subsequent to 1960, defections and counter-defections amongst political events led to separate election cycles for the Lok Sabha and State Assemblies.

Presently, solely particular states akin to Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Andhra Pradesh, and Odisha conduct their meeting polls concurrently with the Lok Sabha elections. The relaxation observe staggered election cycles, contributing to frequent electoral workouts.

Reports and Perspectives on One Nation One Election:

The Law Commission of India (LCI), led by Justice BS Chauhan, issued a draft report in 2018, scrutinizing simultaneous elections. The report acknowledged potential advantages, together with price financial savings and centered governance, however it additionally underlined the constitutional and authorized complexities surrounding the proposal.

Notably, the LCI, as early as 1999, supported the idea of simultaneous elections. This historic context reveals that the concept has been debated over time.

Challenges and Concerns:


  • Reduction in election expenditure
  • Enhanced governance and coverage continuity
  • Increased voter turnout
  • Reduced political manipulation


  • Logistical challenges
  • Dominance of nationwide points
  • Risk of single-issue campaigns
  • Potential for weakened federalism

The ONOE plan encounters a number of roadblocks. Feasibility and constitutional implications come up as a result of mounted tenures outlined within the Constitution for the Lok Sabha and State Assemblies. Maintaining stability and conducting recent elections in case of mid-term authorities collapse presents a big problem.

ONOE additionally raises issues relating to federalism and conceptual incompatibility. Altering the steadiness between the Union and the States might influence state governments’ autonomy and authority.

Furthermore, the mixing of nationwide and state points might dilute accountability mechanisms and lead to a less-focused governance method.

The Way Forward:

To navigate this advanced terrain, a complete constitutional assessment is crucial. Legal consultants ought to meticulously assess essential amendments, and a contingency plan to deal with midterm authorities collapses ought to be developed.

Balancing federalism and centralization is essential. Engaging in dialogues with state governments to grasp and handle their issues about centralization can pave the best way for a balanced framework.

Exploring a hybrid accountability mannequin, which retains staggered elections for choose states whereas implementing ONOE for others, might promote efficient governance.

Conducting an impartial and clear cost-benefit evaluation is crucial to deal with misconceptions in regards to the monetary implications of ONOE.

Lastly, a phased method, starting with pilot initiatives in a restricted variety of states, permits for the evaluation of challenges and insights earlier than nationwide adoption.

The proposal for ‘One Nation One Election’ holds the potential to rework India’s electoral panorama, however it calls for cautious consideration, balancing the advantages with the challenges. As India’s democracy navigates its advanced dynamics and numerous contexts, a well-rounded understanding is essential earlier than implementing such a big change.

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